January - March 2017
Transmission of Multi-Drug Resistant HIV-1 Despite Antiretroviral Prophylaxis
La Paz University, Hospital Autonomous University, Madrid, Spain
In Brazil, a nurse recently became infected with HIV-1 despite beginning antiretroviral therapy within one hour following accidental needle stick injury while puncturing the forearm of an HIV-infected patient with detectable plasma viremia. Thereafter, the patient’s virus was found to harbor multiple drug resistance mutations (Lopez-Lopes, et al. AIDS 2015;29:1580-3).